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考研英语应用文之信写作指导锦集四篇

时间:2023-11-17 13:24 考研英语

第1篇: 考研英语应用文之信写作指导

考研英语应用文及短文写作指导

中国大学网*应用文写作

1.格式

应用文书写作有着严格的格式,中、英文亦如此。在应用文写作这一节,侧重考查公务信函,英文书信的称呼、落款的位置和方式都与汉语不同,要掌握基本的书信格式。

2.语域

所谓语域,就是根据交际的`对象、身份、场合、内容及心理的不同而采取的不同话语方式,一般有正式、一般和非正式三种。考生应根据题目的不同要求选择语域。一般情况下,给私人朋友写信可以用非正式的语域,而公务信函则应该是正式的。

3.内容

研究生写作要求写100字左右的应用文。考生应该在题目给定的情景下,用最简明的语言来传达信息。考生应将所有规定的内容都包含在自己的作文中。另外,在写作时一定要层次分明、用词贴切,结构紧凑。即要言之有物,简明扼要。

*短文写作

1.认真审题,确保作文切和题意。

有的考生草草地看一遍题目觉得没有问题,马上就开始写作,结果写到一半突然发现有所困惑,仔细一看写作内容与题目要求有出入,想要重新再写时间已经不允许,接着写下去后果可想而知。“磨刀不误砍柴工”,在拿到题目后先认真审题,弄清题目后再开始写,同时还应注意要包括提纲或图画的全部要点和信息。

2.确保作文结构清晰、表达清楚、意思连贯。

在写作过程中,考生应思路清晰,运用恰当的语句来表达意思。此外,还要使短文层次分明,合乎逻辑。意思连贯是指句子与句子、段落与段落之间衔接

3.所用句子要完整、连贯、简洁。

完整包括意义的完整和结构的完整。连贯是指句子各部分之间衔接自然。简洁就是要做到只要意思充分表达了,用词越少越好。当然,句式还要有所变化,不出现重大语法错误。

4.文章的长度符合要求。

大纲对两篇短文的字数都有明确要求,考生在写作时应当注意控制字数,使写出的短文长度符合要求。

最后预祝2012考研学生金榜题名!坚持到最后就是胜利者!

kaoyan/

第2篇: 考研英语应用文之信写作指导

考研英语 应用文写作模板(建议信)

建议信 1

结构要点:

建议信是建议收信人采取某种行动的信件,一般分为三个部分:

1. 说明建议的内容;

2. 提出建议的原因;

3. 指出采纳建议的益处。

Directions

Suppose one of your friends is going on aself?tour in your hometown. Write a letter in about 100 words to make asuggestion to him/her. Do not sign your own name at the end of your letter,using Li Ming instead.

Sample:

Dear Mary,

Glad to hear from you. You have made a rightdecision to travel in my hometown, Sichuanbecause it is a place with picturesque scenery.

Self?tour is always my favorite, too, as itgives me more freedom to choose the beauty spots and arrange the tour. To you,a camping?lover, I highly recommend the IceMountain in Songpan County.First, you can directly go there by bus from Chengdu or Mianyang. The accommodation inSongpan is very convenient since there are quite a lot of private hotels withclean rooms at low price. Then you can hire a guide who will prepare a horse, atent and some other things for you. After that, you will visit the beautiful sceneryon horseback by following the guide during the day and enjoy camping at night.My journey there last July has really brought me great pleasure andunforgettable memory.

Wish you a happy tour.

Yours ever,

Li Ming

建议信2

语言注意点:

这类信可写给认识的人,也可写给不认识的人。内容与模式都比较灵活。但总地来说,应言辞恳切,理由充分。

directions

Suppose one of your friends is going to takethe CET?6 and asks you for suggestions on    how to make preparation. Write a letter inabout 100 words to him/her. Do not sign your own name at the end of yourletter, using Li Ming instead.

Sample:

Dear Helen,

What a surprise it is that you are going totake this June’s CET?6 since you are only a freshman in Fudan University!Anyway, your courage and efforts are worth praise.

To get fully prepared for the test, I think,you need to first enlarge your vocabulary, which is the basis of all parts.Second, you need more exercises, especially exercises of reading comprehension,in order to improve your test skills. Then you should practise writing constantly.You can e?mail your compositions to me and I will correct them for you in time.

In a word, every effort is rewarding. I amlooking forward to your success.

Best wishes.

Yours,

Li Ming

第3篇: 考研英语应用文之信写作指导

考研英语应用文写作模版大全

一、概述

备忘录是一种录以备忘的公文。在公文函件中,它的等级是比较低的,主要用来提醒、督促对方,或就某个问题提出自己的意见或看法。在业务上,它一般用来补充正式文件的不足。它的内容可以分为以下几项:

书端(Heading)

收文人的姓名、头衔、地址(Addressee"s Name, Title, Address)

称呼(Salutation)

事因(Subject)

正文(Body)

结束语(Complimentary Close)

署名(Signature)

二、备忘录写作注意事项

1、书端部分包括发文机关的名称、地址、发文日期,有的还包括电报挂号、电传号、电话号码等。许多机关有自己特制的信笺,在写书端时,其格式和标点符号的使用与一般信件的相同。

2、称呼从左边顶格写起,对一般机关、团体的负责人一般用 Dear Sir, 对政府官员可用Sir。

3、正文、结束语和署名等项与一般信件的格式相同。“事因”一项目前采用得较少。

三、经典范文(共有5篇范文)

例1、Directions: Write a memorandum of about 100 words to the student service department and ask them to fix a telephone for each dormitory.

MEMO

August 16,

To: The leader of student service department

From: Li Ming

Subject: Telephone

Dear Sir,

I would like to remind you that we are in want of a telephone for each dormitory. As a university student, we need to cope with the daily increasing communications with teachers, friends and people outside the campus.

We need a telephone to get and send message, which is important for us. Though most of us have mobile phones and e-mail address, a telephone in the dormitory is after all the most convenient and cheapest tool of communication. I hope that you will pay attention to this problem and solve it as soon as possible.

Regards.

Yours,

Li Ming

编辑注:“remind”一词用法比较多,可以在后面直接接人或宾格,如“提醒我”译为“please remind me”。如果提醒某人某事则用“remind somebody of something”,也可以在后面加从句,即“remind sb that”,“remind”还有一个意思为“使想起”同样用“remind…of…”的结构,应注意与提醒某事区分。

例2、Directions: You are supposed to write a Memorandom of about 100 words to the leader of the supply section to borrow one more microscope for your biological experiment. It should include:

1) Why you need the microscope.

2) When you need it.

MEMO

August 12, 2005

To: Mr. Gates, leader of the supply section

From: Li Ming of the biological laboratory

Subject: Microscope

Dear Sir,

I"m a student of biology department and we are badly in need of an extra microscope in order to improve our experimental work.

Our experiment will start on Friday, so please issue a microscope to us as soon as possible so that we can prepare better for the experiment.

With kind regards.

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

编辑注:在写备忘录的时侯,一定要注意它的`格式,尤其要在开头写清楚是谁写给谁来备忘的,用“From: /To:”两个单词即可。文中的“badly”是“非常的,迫切的”意思。短语“in order to”同下句的“so that”意思是一样的即:为了,目的是。不同的是前者后接动词原型而后者常跟目的状语从句 ,类似的短语还有“in order that”,用法与“so that”相同。

例3、Directions: If you are the teacher of the students" Counseloris office: P. steelpes, and you have received a letter for requesting for paid education leave from a student. Write him a memo to reply him including details:

1) The result of his requirement.

2) The reason for rejecting.

3)some suggestions

You should write about 100 words.

To: Records Section

From: P. steelpes, Career Planning

Subject: Request for Paid Education Leave

Date: May 22, 2005

In response to your request for one year of paid education leave to take a degree in English literature, I have to inform you that we cannot authorize this leave.

While we appreciate your desire to improve your knowledge, we feel that English literature is not directly related to your present position and to the goals of this organization.

I am aware of your great interest in literature, and I would like to point out that you could gain advantage to apply for leave without pay.

If you need another information on the above, do not hesitate to keep touch with me at any time.

P. steelpes

编辑注:首先要注意本篇备忘录的格式很标准。然后注意这个备忘录的个别词的用法,譬如:be aware of 注意到、当心的意思,point out 指出,request for 要求,in response to 反馈。

例4、Directions: You are a supervisor of a big company. The chief of operations wants to adopt the“punch-in”system to increase productivity. Write a memo to talk about this:

1) Does the “punch-in”system benefit the company?

2) If the company doesn’t adopt it, what else can we do to increase productivity.

You should write about 100 words.

To: David Green, Chief of Operations

From: Tony Party , Supervisor

Subject: Comments on the “Punch-in” System

Date: March. 22, 2005

This is further to your memo dated March. 20, , in which you proposed that employees adopt the “punch-in” system.

I fully agree with you that we must increase productivity. As far as your proposal that if the “punch-in” system is adopted, we would have a tighter control over the employees is concerned. However, I don’t think so. I personally think that, to accomplish this, we should give the employees more incentives to work faster. I feel that if we ( the supervisors) could meet with you , we could discuss different possiblilities to create such incentiveness.

Your consideration of this suggestion would be appreciated.

Tony Party

*编辑注:此篇是对一篇备忘录的回复。生产主管认为实行打孔考勤制度(“punch-in”system),有利于增加生产效率。但督察却不这样认为。他认为“should give the employees more incentives to work faster”。

例5、Directions: You are a manager of administration office naming Vera. M. Bradford. The board of directors have decided to anew the Fitness Center. Write a memo to tell all the employees that:

1) How long will this project be last for?

2) Welcome the employees to provide suggestions.

You should write about 100 words.

To: Every Employees

From: Brian Aponte

Date: November 18, 2005

Subject: Fitness Center

The board of directors approved the idea for anew Fitness Center at its meeting yesterday.

Work on the Fitness Center will begin right now and should be completed within 90 days. An employee representative from each division will be appointed to determine the type of equipment and programs that will be made available.

We are happy to be able to provide a facility that will contribute to the physical fitness of all our employees. Your representative on the task force will contact you soon for your suggestions about activities and equipment.

Brian Aponte

Administration Office, Manager

* 编辑注:这是一篇关于公司修建健身中心的备忘录。备忘录中说健身中心工作马上开始而且“completed within 90 days”。而且希望各部门代表与主办部门联系,征求关于活动和设备的意见。

中国大学网

第4篇: 考研英语应用文之信写作指导

Suppose you are Li Ming, a professor of East China Normal University. Now write a letter of recommendation for your colleague Professor Wang Xin, who is going to teach Chinese in an English?speaking country, in about 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of your letter, using “Li Ming” instead.To Whom It May Concern,

I am writing to recommend to you my colleague Professor Wang Xin for the Chinese language teaching position in your renowned university without reserva?tion.

I have been working with Professor Wang for almost twenty years and he strikes me as a most intelligent, diligent and responsible teacher. He has teaching a large range of subjects covering both language and culture.

Professor Wang has been a visiting scholar in the United States for three years and thus his English reading and writing abilities are both strong. Since he has rich experience in teaching overseas students, I fully believe he will do an excellent job if you decide to give him a chance. Please feel free to contact me if you need any further information.

Faithfully yours,

Li Ming